belongs to the family Umbelliferae. It is a cool season
root crop. It is rich in iron and vitamins like Thiamine,
Riboflavin, Niacin, Ascorbic acid and Vitamin A.
Kesar, Nantes, Pusa Meghali.
Carrot can be grown in high ranges from August to
January. Well-drained sandy loam soil is best suited
for the crop.
rate is 5-6 kg/ha. It is usually sown on ridges to
facilitate good root production. Ridges of about 20
cm height are made 45 cm apart and seeds sown 10 cm
apart on the rows. The seed is mixed with fine sand
and sown in rows by hand and covered with soil to
make it firm around it.
Uproot excess seedlings (thinning) three weeks after
sowing leaving a plant to plant spacing of 10 cm to
facilitate better tuber growth.
is necessary that enough soil moisture is available
to help uniform seed germination and growth of plant.
Because of the deep root forming nature, the crop requires
continuous moisture in the soil.
Apply 25 t/ha FYM before sowing and a fertilizer dose
of 37.5 kg N, 62.5 kg P2O5 and 50 kg K2O / ha as basal.
Topdressing with 37.5 kg N / ha may be done one month
should be done at regular intervals to keep down the weeds.
Shallow hoeing is necessary to facilitate root growth.
When the root starts growing, earthing up should be done.
Carrot fly, wireworm and aphids are the major pests
causing damage to the crop. For control, soil treatment
with insecticides such as Bromophos or Diazinon is recommended.
Cercospora leaf blight, Bacterial blight and softrot
are the major diseases. For control of fungal diseases
proper drainage should be provided. Hot water treatment
of seeds at 50oCfor 15 minutes is also suggested as
a prophylactic measure. Spraying of Indofil M-45 or
Copper oxychloride @ 2.5 g per litre of water is also
is done 70-85 days after sowing.Light irrigation is
provided just before harvest and the tubers are pulled
out of soil without damage.
tons per hectare.