ROOT (Beta vulgaris)
root belongs to the Family Chenopodiaceaea. Roots are
good source of sugar. Young tender leaves can be used
Dark Red and Imperator.
Beet root can be grown in high ranges from August
to January. Well-drained sandy loam soils are best
suited for the crop.
Seed rate is 7 to 8 kg/ha. It is usually grown on
ridges to facilitate good root production. Ridges
of about 20 cm height are formed 45 cm apart and seeds
sown 15-20 cm apart on the rows. The seeds are mixed
with fine sand and placed in rows by hand and covered
with soil to make it firm around it.Thinning the population
may be done as in carrot. Shallow hoeing is necessary
to facilitate root growth. When the root starts growing,
earthing up should be done.
is necessary that enough soil moisture is available
to help uniform seed germination and growth of plant.
The crop requires about 300 mm of water which can be
given with 5-7 irrigations.
Apply FYM 20 t/ha as basal. N:P2O5:K2O 75:37.5:37.5
kg/ha is recommended. Full dose of P2O5 and K2O and
half dose of N are applied as basal. Remaining half
dose of nitrogen is applied as topdressing when the
plant starts growing vigorously.
should be done at regular intervals to keep down the weeds.
Beet leaf miner, flea beetle and beet webworm are the
major pests. For controlling the pests, spraying with
malathion at 0.1 per cent or rogor at 0.03 per cent
off, downy mildew, sclerotium rot and beet yellow are
important diseases affecting the crop. To control these
diseases seed treatment with ceresan @ 2g/kg of seed
and spraying the crop with indofil Z-78 @0.2 per cent
are harvested 8- 10 weeks after planting. The entire
plants are uprooted, the tops removed and roots separated.
yield of roots is about 25-30 tons/ha.