CROP : GREEN GRAM (Vigna radiata)
Green Gram belongs to the family Leguminoseae
and sub family Papilionaceae. Annual herbaceous plant
grows to a height of 30-100 cm. The pods are 6-10 cm long,
round, slender with short pubescence and green seeds.
The crop is self-fertile and self-pollinated.
The crop is best suited to areas having an annual rainfall
of 600-750 mm.it can tolerate drought. A well-drained
loamy to sandy-loam soil is best suited.
Green gram is grown as a pure crop in rice fallows after
the harvest of the first or second crop of paddy. It can
also be grown as a mixed crop with tapioca, colocasia,
yam, and banana or as an intercrop in coconut gardens.
Philippines, Madiera, Pusa Baisakhi, NP-24,
Co-2, Pusa-8973 (Pusa-8973 is suited to the summer rice
fallows of Onattukara; tolerant to pod borer; duration
Pure crop 20-25 kg/ha
Mixed crop 6 kg/ha
Plough the land 2-3 times thoroughly and remove weeds
and stubbles. Channels, 30 cm broad and 15 cm deep,
are drawn at 2 m apart to drain off excess rainwater
during kharif season and provide irrigation during summer
season. The seeds may be sown broadcast.
For rainy season crop, drainage is very
important.No irrigation should be given when the crop
is in the full bloom stage.
FYM 20 t/ha (as basal)
Lime 250 kg/ha or dolomite 400 kg/ha
N 20 kg/ha
P2O5 30 kg/ha
K2O 30 kg/ha
Lime may be applied at the time of first
ploughing. Half the quantity of N and the full quantity
of P2O5 and K2O may be applied at the time of last ploughing.
The remaining quantity of N (10 kg) can be applied as
foliar spray of 2% urea solution in two equal doses
on the 15th and 30th day after sowing.
Two weeding should be given to keep the
field free of harmful weeds, first 20-25 days after sowing
and second 45 days after sowing.
Apply carbaryl 0.15% suspension, if pests
are observed in serious proportions.
Shattering of pods is a great problem.
Pick the pods as soon as they mature.
1.2-1.5 tons of grains per hectare.