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CATEGORY : PlantationCrops
Posted Date

10/4/2019

Question

HOW MUCH DISTANCE NEEDED BETWEEN TWO MANGO PLANTS?

Answer

Dear sir, As per the package of practices by the Kerala Agricultural University Planting of mango grafts can be done either in square system or hexagonal system. Spacing between plants can be 9m (120-125 plants/ha) or 6m (270 – 275 plants / ha, with judicious pruning). Prepare pits of size 1 m3 one month before planting and allow to weather. Refill pits with mixture of topsoil and 10 kg of compost or FYM per pit to a level higher than the adjoining ground. Plant the grafts at the same depths as they were in the containers,preferably in the late evening. Deep planting results in poor growth of the plant. Ensure that the graft joint is above the soil level. Tie the plants to stakes to prevent snapping at the graft joints. Provide shade and irrigation as needed.

Posted by
: pradeepkumar p
Email
: balpradeep2@gmail.com
Designation
: Farmer
Place
: chengottukav
Posted Date

29/3/2019

Question

What is the main reason for cardamom flowers not opening? Soil moisture? Temperature? Humidity? I grow plants with lots of inflorescences but only a few flowers open, with most buds develop but turn soft and brown. Thank you.

Answer

Dear sir, You may please contact for expert advice (1)Cardamom Research Station, Pampadumpara 0486-8236263 (2)Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Myladumpara 04868 237207

Posted by
: Mr. R. Lampert
Email
: yyc.akl@gmail.com
Designation
: Scientist
Place
: .
Posted Date

29/3/2019

Question

What is the main reason for cardamom flowers not opening? Soil moisture? Temperature? Humidity? I grow plants with lots of inflorescences but only a few flowers open, with most buds develop but turn soft and brown. Thank you.

Answer

Dear sir, You may please contact for expert advice (1)Cardamom Research Station, Pampadumpara 0486-8236263 (2)Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Myladumpara 04868 237207

Posted by
: Mr. R. Lampert
Email
: yyc.akl@gmail.com
Designation
: Scientist
Place
: .
Posted Date

29/3/2019

Question

What is the main reason for cardamom flowers not opening? Soil moisture? Temperature? Humidity? I grow plants with lots of inflorescences but only a few flowers open, with most buds develop but turn soft and brown. Thank you.

Answer

Dear sir, You may please contact for expert advice (1)Cardamom Research Station, Pampadumpara 0486-8236263 (2)Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Myladumpara 04868 237207

Posted by
: Mr. R. Lampert
Email
: yyc.akl@gmail.com
Designation
: Scientist
Place
: .
Posted Date

17/3/2019

Question

Mother palm selsction in coconut

Answer

Dear Shalna, Gardens should have palms with a high proportion of heavy bearers but it should not be from very favourable conditions Garden should be free from the pest and disease incidence.Trees growing closer to households, cattle shed, compost pits should be avoided. The important features of superior mother palms are: •Regular bearer : A good regular bearing mother palm produces on an average one leaf and an inflorescence in its axil every month. So, there will be twelve bunches of varying stages of maturity at any one time with strong bunch stalks. Avoid trees producing habitually barren nuts. •Straight stout trunk with even growth and closely spaced leaf scars. •Spherical or semi spherical crown, •High rate of leaf (more than 30 fully opened leaves) and spathe production (12 inflorescences) •Short and stout petiole and wide leaf base firmly attached to the stem, •Short and stout inflorescence stalk with bunches, preferably resting on the leaf petioles of the lower whorl and more number of female flowers (25 or more) •The age of the palm chosen be middle age i.e., from 25 to 40 years. Even trees with 15 years age can be selected, if it is high yielding and has stabilized yield.(e.g., Chowghat dwarf). Avoid palms that are above 60 years. •High yielding mother palms giving not less than 100 nuts/palm/annum under irrigated condition (70-80 nuts/annum under rain fed conditions) should be chosen for collecting seednuts •Husked nuts should weigh not less than 600 g. •Mean copra content of 150 g per nut or more •Free from pest and diseases. Avoid palms which have the following characteristics •Palms have long, thin and pendulous inflorescence stalks •Palms produce long, narrow, small sized or barren nuts •Palms showing alternate bearing tendency also should be avoided. •Palms show shedding of immature nuts in large numbers and •Palms are grown under favorable environmental conditions. E.g. Trees near manure pits. Maturity of Seed Nut The mature nuts are harvested when at least one nut in the oldest bunch starts becoming dry. In Tall varieties, it takes 11-12 months to become a matured seed nut whereas in dwarfs, nuts will mature in 10-11 months after emergence of the inflorescence. They produce a resonant and ringing sound when hit with the harvesting knife or tapped by finger indicating that the husk is dry. Immature nuts will produce a dull sound. Harvest the bunches intended for seed nut by lowering them to the ground using a rope to avoid injury to seed nuts when palms are tall and ground is hard. The seed nuts should be medium sized, round or oblong in shape. Selection of Seed Nuts Harvest seed nuts during the months of February - August in Tamil Nadu, December to May in Kerala to get maximum germination and good quality seedlings. Tall varieties are sown one or two months after collection whereas dwarfs should be sown immediately after harvest (within 10 to 15 days). Storage of Seed Nuts To get more quality seedlings, the seed nuts of tall and hybrid are to be air cured for one month followed by sand curing for two months. For dwarf varieties, the air curing should be lesser than one month followed by sand curing for two months. In general seed nuts of tall variety are stored up to two months after harvest and dwarfs are sown within 15 days. For storing, arrange the seed nuts with the stalk-end up over an 8 cm layer of sand in a shed and cover with sand to prevent drying of nut water. Up to five layers of nuts can be arranged one over the other. The nuts can also be stored in plots, provided the soil is sandy and the ground is sufficiently shaded. In the case of nuts harvested in May, heap them in partial shade, till husk is well dried and then sow them in the nursery. Nuts without splashing sound indicate that the nut water has become dry and hence they should not be used for sowing.

Posted by
: Shalna
Email
: Azees p k@gmail.com
Designation
: Others
Place
: Poothaadi
Posted Date

20/2/2019

Question

WHERE CAN I GET HYBRID DWARF COCONUT PLANTS FOR MIX FARMING 30 NOS.

Answer

Please contact District Agricultural Farm, Arikuzha Ph : 04862 278599 You may also contact CENTRAL PLANTATION CROPS RESEARCH INSTITUTE (CPCRI) Regional Station, Krishnapuram P.O., Kayamkulam Ph: 0479 2445733

Posted by
: RJU JACOB
Email
: jacobraju@hotmail.com
Designation
: Farmer
Place
: PURAPUZHA
Posted Date

29/12/2018

Question

Which is best method for irrigating 2-year coffee plantation in an acre. Is any subsidy available for farmers for setting up irrigation unit?

Answer

Dear Devanand, Irrigation cost mainly depend upon the area(region of plantation), climate and type of soil or topography of land. The consumption of water also depends upon variety of coffee plant.But approximately for 1 acre the drip irrigation cost for coffee plant will be 1 to 1.5 lakh rupees. For more details you may please contact (1)Coffee Board , Wyanad (1) 04936 247306 (2) Coffee Research Station,Chundale 04936 202256

Posted by
: Devanand
Email
: devanand318@gmail. Com
Designation
: Farmer
Place
: Pookotukavu
Posted Date

16/12/2018

Question

is there any subsidy available for springler irrigation implimentation in coconut farm?

Answer

Dear Mohammed, You may please contact Principal Agricultural Officer, Civil Station Building, Kakkanad,Ernakulam-682030 Ph :0484-2422224. You may also contact your nearest krishi Bhavan for guidance in this regard (Krishi bhavan Kalady Ph : 2460387 )

Posted by
: mohammed shafeeq
Email
: shafeeq86@outlook.com
Designation
: Farmer
Place
: kaladi
Posted Date

26/10/2018

Question

I am plan to start acoconut processing unit please let me know more details and help

Answer

Dear Biju, You may please contact KERAFED 0484 2306720 ; 0471-2326107 and KERALA STATE COCONUT DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION 0495-2461350

Posted by
: Biju
Email
: bijuprabhakar07@yahoo.com
Designation
: Others
Place
: Parali palakkad
Posted Date

18/10/2018

Question

Dear sir Ente anjili trees getting die off during some virus.Already twelve trees murichu.Pls suggest how to avoid spreading these virus to other trees.

Answer

Dear Rickoo, This seems to be a die back which can be due to several reasons mainly due to fungus etc .Please follow the management practices mentioned below :-•Prune the affected branches well below the site of infection and destroy them. •Protect the cut surfaces by applying Bordeaux paste. •If disease is severe, it is advisable to spray Bordeaux mixture (I %). •Spraying is to be done twice, once in. May-June and the second during October. •Collect all dried up and affected branches and destroy to reduce the source of inoculum. ITS BETTER TO CONTACT YOUR NEAREST KRISHIBHAVAN (VITHURA :0472 2858922) TO GET THE TECHNICAL ADVICE BEFORE PERFORMING THE ABOVE SAID MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

Posted by
: Rickoo Thomas
Email
: rickootjoseph@gmail.com
Designation
: Farmer
Place
: Vithura

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