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CATEGORY : FieldCrops
Posted Date

17/12/2018

Question

Sir, How can we prevent white fly attack on kanthari chedi ? From where we can get 50 mesh white fly net in retail kerala.

Answer

Dear Rahul, As recommended by by Kerala Agricultural University Whitefly in Chilli can be controlled by (1) Spray 2% neem oil + garlic emulsion spray. (2) Dissolve 60g soap in 150 ml warm water, add soap solution to neem oil and castor oil slowly and mix well. Dilute with 6 litres of water. Add 120 g garlic paste. Take the extract and spray. (3) Apply 1.5% fish oil soap. (4)place Sticky yellow traps Regarding availability of mesh net you may please contact regional Agro Industries Corporation (RAIDCO), Ernakulam - Ph : 0484 2622923

Posted by
: RAHUL P R
Email
: rahul.betah@gmail.com
Designation
: Others
Place
: EDAKKATTUVAYAL
Posted Date

2/1/2019

Question

Can you give kerala state Mango farming expert contact no for planting tips

Answer

Dear Mithun, You may contact Sri.Udayaprakash, Co -Ordinator, Evergreen Farmers Benefit Society,Muthalamada, Palakkad Dist. PH:94472 49611

Posted by
: MITHUN MATHEW ABRAHAM
Email
: mithunmathewabraham@gmail.com
Designation
: Farmer
Place
: ayroor
Posted Date

31/12/2018

Question

Need help in selecting Fertilisers and mixing ratio for nutrients and micronutrients to start a hydroponic vegitable garden at home

Answer

Dear sir,You may please contact Dr P Suseela,Associate Professor, Hi-tech research & training ,Istructional Farm, Vellanikkara,Thrissur. PH:99615 33549

Posted by
: G.Balakrishnan Nair
Email
: nairgb@hotmail.com
Designation
: Others
Place
: Ernakulam
Posted Date

1/1/2019

Question

If it is possible to cultivate beet root in thiruvanandhapuram kerala during october? Is there any farmers cultivating beet root in open condition at tvm?

Answer

Dear Arya, Beet Root comes up well in all types of friable soils. The suitable soil pH is 6.0-7.0. It is considered to be a cool weather crop planted during July – August.For more details about this crop grown in Thiruvananthapuram District you may please contact your nearest krishibhVn kalliyoor Ph : 0471 – 2405322

Posted by
: Arya
Email
: arunj2293@gmail. com
Designation
: Scientist
Place
: Kalliyoor
Posted Date

27/12/2018

Question

How to give treatment to Jamun tree-Njaval

Answer

Dear Ranjit, Fertilizer Application The jamun trees are generally not manured. This is not because they do not require manuring or fail to respond to it but because they can stand a good deal of neglect. An annual dose of about 19 kg farmyard manure during the pre-beating period and 75 kg per tree bearing trees is considered. Normally, seedling jamun trees start bearing at the age of 8 to 10 years while grafted or budded trees come into bearing in 6 to 7 years. On very rich soils, the trees have a tendency to put on more vegetative growth with the result that fruiting is delayed. When the trees show such a tendency, they should not be supplied with any manure and fertilizer and irrigation should be given sparingly and withheld in September-October and again in February-March. This helps in fruit bud formation, blossoming and in fruit setting. Sometimes this may not prove effective and even more drastic treatments such as ringing and root pruning may have to be resorted to. A fruit grower has, therefore, to be cautious in manuring and fertilizing jamun trees and hence, has to adjust the doses according to the growth and fruiting of trees. Regarding Irrigation - In early stages, the jamun tree requires frequent irrigations but once the trees gets established, the interval between irrigations can be greatly decreased. Young trees require 8 to 10 irrigations in a year. The mature trees require only about half the number, which should be applied during May and June when the fruit is ripening. During autumn and winter months, just an occasional irrigation may be applied when the soil is dry. This will also save the trees from the ill effects of frost in winter. Regular pruning in jamun is not required. However, in later years the dry twigs and crossed branches are removed. While training the plants, the framework of branches is allowed to develop above 60 to 100 cm from the ground level. The seedling jamun plants start bearing after 8 to 10 years of planting, while grafted ones bear after 6 to 7 years. However, commercial bearing starts after 8 to 10 years of planting and continues till the tree becomes 50 to 60 years old. The fruit ripens in the month of June -July. The main characteristic of ripe fruit at full size is deep purple or black colour. The fruit should be picked immediately when it is ripe, because it can not be retained on the tree in ripe stage. The ripe fruits are hand picked singly by climbing the tree with bags slung on the shoulder. Care should be taken to avoid all possible damage to fruits. The average yield of fruits from a full grown seedling tree is about 80 to 100 kg and from a grafted one 60 to 70 kg per year

Posted by
: Ranjit PL
Email
: pl_ranjit@rediffmail.com
Designation
: Scientist
Place
: Pallipuram
Posted Date

27/12/2018

Question

I have fig tree at garden. But the fruit insideis holo. Sombody told me that its not original fig could you please guide me regarding this.

Attachments

49169IMG_20171217_131928.jpg

49169IMG_20181224_092424.jpg
Answer

Dear Ranjith, there are several reasons for hollow fruits in figs may happen Fig being a shallow rooted tree need well drained and aerated soil. Water logging condition and compact soil affects the fruit quality.High temperature and lack of water during summer months also result in poor quality fruits. So during summer provide mulching and avoid water stress. Lack of nutrients can also be a reason.Apply manures and fertilizer which contain high phosphorus and potassium. The tree in your garden may be a male fig tree which produces fruit, but the only purpose is to cross-pollinate a female fig tree. So plant new female fig tree near the male tree. You may contact experts of the Pomology Department,College of Agriculture, Vellayani 0471-2381002/2382439/2381915 for further details Thiruvananthapuram-695522

Posted by
: Ranjit pl
Email
: pl_ranjit@rediffmail.com
Designation
: Scientist
Place
: Pallipuram
Posted Date

5/11/2018

Question

which breed is good for tapicao chips

Answer

Dear Don Raphel, Central Tuber Crops Research Institute has developed a variety Sree Harsha suitable for preparing dried chips.This variety has 10 months duration and good cooking quality. Tuber contains 34-36% starch. They are non-bitter and ideal for culinary purposes and the high starch content makes it suitable for preparing dried chips. For further guidance in this regard Please contact +91 471 2598551-4 . You may also visit to see the activities of CTCRI anytime between 9:30 AM and 4:30 PM on working days . For availability and price of planting material please contact Tel: (91)(471) 2598551 to 2598554

Posted by
: don raphael
Email
: donraphael279@gmail.com
Designation
: Farmer
Place
: thrissur
Posted Date

3/11/2018

Question

How can I prepare soil for testing

Answer

Dear Sir, Please follow the guide lines below Procedure for Collection 1.Divide the field into different homogenous units based on the visual observation and farmer’s experience. 2.Remove the surface litter at the sampling spot. 3.Drive the auger to a plough depth of 15 cm and draw the soil sample. 4.Collect at least 10 to 15 samples from each sampling unit and place in a bucket or tray. 5.If auger is not available, make a ‘V’ shaped cut to a depth of 15 cm in the sampling spot using spade. 6.Remove thick slices of soil from top to bottom of exposed face of the ‘V’ shaped cut and place in a clean container. Procedure to prepare sample 1.Mix the samples thoroughly and remove foreign materials like roots, stones, pebbles and gravels. 2.Reduce the bulk to about half to one kilogram by quartering or compartmentalization. 3.Quartering is done by dividing the thoroughly mixed sample into four equal parts. The two opposite quarters are discarded and the remaining two quarters are remixed and the process repeated until the desired sample size is obtained. 4.Compartmentalization is done by uniformly spreading the soil over a clean hard surface and dividing into smaller compartments by drawing lines along and across the length and breadth. From each compartment a pinch of soil is collected. This process is repeated till the desired quantity of sample is obtained. 5.Collect the sample in a clean cloth or polythene bag. 6.Label the bag with information like name of the farmer, location of the farm, survey number, previous crop grown, present crop, crop to be grown in the next season, date of collection, name of the sampler etc. Farmers may bring soil samples directly to the laboratory (District Soil Testing Lab, Ernakulam 0484 2306169 / 0484-2703976)

Posted by
: babu mathew
Email
: babu.unnimon@gmail.com
Designation
: Farmer
Place
: ayavana
Posted Date

29/10/2018

Question

I need red Lady papaya seed/plant 100 no from where i can buy it

Answer

Dear ABDUL HAMEED, You may please contact (1)Central Nursery, Vellanikkara Ph :0487 2374332 (2)Department of Fruit crops, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural Univeristy, Coimbatore – 641 003. Phone No.: 0422-6611269 Fax:0422-2430781 e-mail: fruits@tnau.ac.in

Posted by
: ABDUL HAMEED
Email
: HAMEEDPAZHUR@GMAIL.COM
Designation
: Others
Place
: Chathamangalam
Posted Date

28/10/2018

Question

Dear Sir/Madam, I am facing curling and yellow leafs issues with my Lemon tree. I had planted it in 2 months back.After 2 week i did pruning and last month this issues started after new leafs and flowers started growing. There was some kind of snails also on the leafs. I am attaching images for your kind suggestions.

Attachments

48999IMG-20181028-WA0043.jpg

48999IMG-20181028-WA0044.jpg
Answer

Dear Abdussamad, Citrus leaves can curl due to many reasons like seasonal changes, overwatering, insect infestation such as scale, mealy bug, mites or aphids . Curling can also be due to diseases. If ants are crawling up the tree then there is a good chance there is scale insect or mealy bug or aphids. Leaves yellowing could indicate a deficiency and leaves curling could indicate attack by citrus leaf miner. Pale leaves can indicate deficiencies in iron, zinc, nitrogen or magnesium. Test the soil in the root zone of your lemon tree, then make the necessary nutrient application. Avoid water stagnation. For a domestic situation, removal and disposal of infected plant material may be effective. For minor infestations scale insects can be rubbed off using a damp cloth. Spray with Neem oil + garlic 2% emulsion may be effective Preparation of 10 litres of Neem oil + garlic 2% emulsion Ingredients : 200 ml neem oil, 200g garlic and 50g ordinary bar soap. Preparation : Slice the bar soap and dissolve in 500 ml luke warm water. Grind the garlic pearls,mix it with 300 ml water and strain to prepare garlic extract. Pour the 500 ml soap solution into 200ml neem oil slowly and stir vigorously to get a good emulsion. Mix the garlic extract in the neem oil + soap emulsion. Dilute this 1 litre stock solution by adding 9 litres of water to get 10 litres of 2% neem oil + garlic emulsion. You may also contact your nearest Krishibhavan for further guidance. (Phone : Krishibhavan Pulamanthole - 04933-267115 ; 9526135750 )

Posted by
: Abdussamad
Email
: samadm@gmail.com
Designation
: Others
Place
: Pulamanthole

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